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The city personality of magnificence, masculinity and magnanimity is derived from the existence of the mountains.

Mountains are regarded as the backbone of the city, reflecting the qualities of vigorousness,
honesty, courage and generosity of Jinan. Wang Shizhen, a poet in the Qing Dynasty, whose
poetic mood was awaken by the amazing scene of green hills that continuously came forth
within the boundaries of Jinan after a dull journey through the desolate plains of North China, had a
compulsive desire to recite the poem “Like hibiscus falling from sky, these are the hills of Jinan”.

The magnificent Qiao and Hua Mountains give a picturesque description of the fascinating hill view of
Jinan, which inspired Zhao Mengfu in the Yuan Dynasty to compose the masterpiece “Autumn Colors
on the Qiao and Hua Mountains”. The great work of art has enchanted numerous writers and poets
throughout history.

The Thousand Buddha Mountain, definitely the most famous mountain of the city, obtained its name
because a great number of Buddha statues had been carved on the mountain since the Northern Wei Dynasty.
Though initially called the Mount Li, there are no records about its exact origination. What we have here is
a legend that Shun once ploughed on the mountain, therefore, it is presumed that the name “Mount Li” goes
back to the time of Shun at the latest.

Besides the wonderful mountain views of Buddhism, there are some sacred Taoist mountain of striking
natural beauty, such as Dafeng Mountain the world of fairyland, Wufeng Mountain with the most intact Great
Wall of Qi built in the Warring States Period. The South Mountain area is a significant ecological barrier and
also the main water sources of Jinan.

With such mountains, Jinan is indeed a place for others to envy.


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